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HomeDatabasePH.D & MA thesis
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF CHINA-JAPAN ANCIENT GARDENS IN IMPERIAL PALACE
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:Wang Bo  Date:2005-04-28

 

By Wang Bo (PH.D)

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF CHINA-JAPAN ANCIENT GARDENS IN IMPERIAL PALACE
--FROM LATE 6th CENTURY TO EARLY 10th CENTURY

Abstract
This thesis is a comparative study of imperial gardens in Japan and China during late 6th century to early 10th century. By systematically comparing and analyzing on the river systems of the cities where the gardens locate, the overall arrangement of the gardens, the methods of shore-protecting, and the water supply& drainage systems, this thesis intends to explain the specific features of Chinese imperial gardens before the Song Dynasty and have an initial discussion about the time and ways of the diffusion of Chinese ancient gardens to ancient Japan and Korea.

The conclusions are:
1.The Chinese imperial gardens in the Sui and Tang Periods inherited and developed the “gardens culture” since the Han Dynasty and had some differences from the gardens after the Song Dynasty.
2.The gardens of the earlier stage of Asuka Period in Japan inherited the tradition of the later Kofun Period and had been influenced by the Korea peninsula. In the later stage of Asuka Period, the imperial gardens in Japan started to take up the influences from The United Silla and accepted effects from the Tang Culture directly. During the Nara Period, the Japanese garden building was mainly influenced by the gardens of the Tang Dynasty in China, especially the influence from the thoughts of Buddhism and develops into a Japanese garden style impressed strongly by the thoughts of Buddhism after the earlier stage of Heian Period.
3.The gardens in Korea Byland were influenced greatly by the Chinese Culture before the Silla Period. Anapji during The United Silla Period maybe derives from the gardens of the Tang Dynasty in China.
During the period when culture dissemination is rather slowly, the formation and development of a culture are long processes and the acculturation of the different period for one culture is relatively important. And the developmental process is even slowly in the domain of religion and ideology. Therefore, when we study the Sui-Tang Culture’s dissemination to the Korea peninsula and Japan, we also should take the reception of the Chinese culture influence before Sui Tang period seriously.

 

 
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