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中国社会科学院考古研究所2017年度考古学研究系列学术讲座(七)
发布时间:2017-07-07    文章出处:中国考古网    作者:考古所科研处    点击率:


讲座题目:土耳其科尼亚省赛尔柱王朝库拜德•阿拜德宫装饰壁砖的生产技术
Production of decorated wall tile for the Seljuq Palace of Kubad Abad, Konya Province, Turkey

主讲人: 伊恩•弗里斯通  教授(Ian Freestone)英国伦敦大学学院考古系(Institute of Archaeology, University College London)

讲座时间: 2017年7月21日(星期五)14:00—16:30

讲座地点: 中国社会科学院考古研究所八楼多媒体厅

主  办: 中国社会科学院考古研究所科研处

内容提要:
  库拜德•阿拜德宫建立于塞尔柱王朝苏丹阿雷丁•凯库拜德一世(Alaeddin Keykubad I,约1220-1237年)在位期间,1980年以来鲁山•阿里克(Rüçhan Arik)教授对该宫殿遗址进行了发掘。宫室内大量装饰有釉陶壁砖,这些壁砖的制作工艺兼具诸多技术特点,包括石泥胎(“fritware”,在胎体材料中加入玻璃粉末的做法,以降低胎的熔点,亦译熔块胎),碱金属釉、釉下钴蓝彩、锡乳浊剂和拉斯特彩(lustre,金属成份的釉上彩)装饰。我们运用大量科技手段对这些壁砖的化学成份和制作技术进行了探讨,例如扫描电镜-X射线能量色散仪(SEM-EDS), 电感耦合等离子体原子发射光谱法(ICP-AES), 透射电子显微镜(TEM) 和激光剥蚀电感耦合等离子体质谱(LA-ICP-MS)等。分析结果表明,这些壁砖的生产工艺集合了伊斯兰陶瓷生产技术的诸多精华,并发现了一些具体的安纳托利亚技术因素。釉的生产与当地玻璃生产密切相关。某些特定的生产工艺对应于宫殿中具体的房间,说明每个房间的壁砖生产是专门订制的, 可能来自不同的作坊。

Kubad Abad Palace was founded by the Seljuq Sultan Alaeddin Keykubad I (r. 1220-37), and since 1980 has been excavated by Professor Rüçhan Arik.  The rooms of the Palace were extensively decorated using glazed tiles, which feature a number of characteristic technologies including stonepaste (“fritware”) bodies, alkali glazes, underglaze cobalt, tin oxide opacification and lustre decoration. The compositions and technologies of the tiles have been investigated by a wide range of techniques including SEM-EDS, ICP-AES, TEM and LA-ICP-MS.  These analyses allow the production of the tiles to be set in the broader context of Islamic ceramic technology and allow specific Anatolian features to be identified.  Glazes are closely related to local glass production.  Specific production features may be related to individual rooms of the Palace and suggest that tiles for each room were produced as a specific commission, probably by different workshops.

报告者简介:
  伊恩•弗里斯通于1979年就职于大英博物馆实验室,从事古代手工制品的科学分析长达二十五年,此前他的专业背景是岩石学和地球化学。2004年,他被美国考古学会授予波莫朗斯科技考古成就奖(Pomerance Medal)。他曾在英国卡迪夫大学任科技考古教授及考古和文物保护系主任,于2011年始在伦敦大学学院考古系担任考古技术及材料科学教授及沃尔夫森科技考古实验室主任。他曾出任雅典不列颠学院费奇实验室分部委员会主席、玻璃史学会主席(2003-2007)、国际玻璃史协会副主席(2003-2006)、大不列颠及爱尔兰矿物学会委员、英国自然环境研究委员会(NERC)地球科学同行评审委员(1995-1999)、艺术与人文研究委员会(AHRC)同行评审委员(2009-2011)。他的学术专长主要是运用化学和矿物学方法探讨早期陶瓷和玻璃生产技术。迄今为止,他已发表/合著学术论文逾150篇,合作编著了本专业领域内的八部会议论文集,并担任包括《科技考古月刊》(Journal of Archaeological Science), 《科技考古》(Archaeometry )和 《玻璃研究年刊》(Journal of Glass Studies)在内的一系列学科前沿杂志的编委。

Ian Freestone trained as a petrologist and geochemist before joining the British Museum Research Laboratory in 1979, where he undertook the scientific analysis of ancient artefacts.  He was awarded the Archaeological Institute of America’s Pomerance Medal for scientific contributions to archaeology in 2004.  He joined Cardiff University as Professor of Archaeological Science where he also served as Head of Archaeology and Conservation, then moved to University College London in 2011 as Professor of Archaeological Materials and Technologies and manages the Wolfson materials science laboratories. He chairs the British School at Athens Fitch Laboratory sub-Committee and is a past President of the Association for the History of Glass (2003-7) and Vice-President of l’Association Internationale pour l’Histoire du Verre (2003-6).   He was Treasurer of the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland, has served on the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) Earth Sciences Peer Review Committee (1995-1999) and the Arts and Humanities Research Council(AHRC) Peer Review College (2009-2011).  He specialises in the investigation of the technology and production of early ceramics and glass using chemical and mineralogical techniques.  He has co-authored over 150 papers and co-edited eight conference proceedings on these topics and is a member of the editorial boards of a number of leading journals including Journal of Archaeological Science, Archaeometry and Journal of Glass Studies. 

  欢迎所内外考古同仁及学生参加。请参加讲座的所外人员提前联系报名,或通过中国考古网公众微信、微博平台留言进行预约。下一期考古学研究系列学术讲座(八)将邀请西北大学文化遗产学院院长陈洪海教授和大家分享、交流,敬请关注。

  联系人:张旭、曹蕊  
  联系电话:65234003 

中国社会科学院考古研究所科研处
二〇一七年七月七日

责编:韩翰

转载请注明来源:中国考古网
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中国社会科学院考古研究所2017年度考古学研究系列学术讲座(七)

发布时间: 2017-07-07


讲座题目:土耳其科尼亚省赛尔柱王朝库拜德•阿拜德宫装饰壁砖的生产技术
Production of decorated wall tile for the Seljuq Palace of Kubad Abad, Konya Province, Turkey

主讲人: 伊恩•弗里斯通  教授(Ian Freestone)英国伦敦大学学院考古系(Institute of Archaeology, University College London)

讲座时间: 2017年7月21日(星期五)14:00—16:30

讲座地点: 中国社会科学院考古研究所八楼多媒体厅

主  办: 中国社会科学院考古研究所科研处

内容提要:
  库拜德•阿拜德宫建立于塞尔柱王朝苏丹阿雷丁•凯库拜德一世(Alaeddin Keykubad I,约1220-1237年)在位期间,1980年以来鲁山•阿里克(Rüçhan Arik)教授对该宫殿遗址进行了发掘。宫室内大量装饰有釉陶壁砖,这些壁砖的制作工艺兼具诸多技术特点,包括石泥胎(“fritware”,在胎体材料中加入玻璃粉末的做法,以降低胎的熔点,亦译熔块胎),碱金属釉、釉下钴蓝彩、锡乳浊剂和拉斯特彩(lustre,金属成份的釉上彩)装饰。我们运用大量科技手段对这些壁砖的化学成份和制作技术进行了探讨,例如扫描电镜-X射线能量色散仪(SEM-EDS), 电感耦合等离子体原子发射光谱法(ICP-AES), 透射电子显微镜(TEM) 和激光剥蚀电感耦合等离子体质谱(LA-ICP-MS)等。分析结果表明,这些壁砖的生产工艺集合了伊斯兰陶瓷生产技术的诸多精华,并发现了一些具体的安纳托利亚技术因素。釉的生产与当地玻璃生产密切相关。某些特定的生产工艺对应于宫殿中具体的房间,说明每个房间的壁砖生产是专门订制的, 可能来自不同的作坊。

Kubad Abad Palace was founded by the Seljuq Sultan Alaeddin Keykubad I (r. 1220-37), and since 1980 has been excavated by Professor Rüçhan Arik.  The rooms of the Palace were extensively decorated using glazed tiles, which feature a number of characteristic technologies including stonepaste (“fritware”) bodies, alkali glazes, underglaze cobalt, tin oxide opacification and lustre decoration. The compositions and technologies of the tiles have been investigated by a wide range of techniques including SEM-EDS, ICP-AES, TEM and LA-ICP-MS.  These analyses allow the production of the tiles to be set in the broader context of Islamic ceramic technology and allow specific Anatolian features to be identified.  Glazes are closely related to local glass production.  Specific production features may be related to individual rooms of the Palace and suggest that tiles for each room were produced as a specific commission, probably by different workshops.

报告者简介:
  伊恩•弗里斯通于1979年就职于大英博物馆实验室,从事古代手工制品的科学分析长达二十五年,此前他的专业背景是岩石学和地球化学。2004年,他被美国考古学会授予波莫朗斯科技考古成就奖(Pomerance Medal)。他曾在英国卡迪夫大学任科技考古教授及考古和文物保护系主任,于2011年始在伦敦大学学院考古系担任考古技术及材料科学教授及沃尔夫森科技考古实验室主任。他曾出任雅典不列颠学院费奇实验室分部委员会主席、玻璃史学会主席(2003-2007)、国际玻璃史协会副主席(2003-2006)、大不列颠及爱尔兰矿物学会委员、英国自然环境研究委员会(NERC)地球科学同行评审委员(1995-1999)、艺术与人文研究委员会(AHRC)同行评审委员(2009-2011)。他的学术专长主要是运用化学和矿物学方法探讨早期陶瓷和玻璃生产技术。迄今为止,他已发表/合著学术论文逾150篇,合作编著了本专业领域内的八部会议论文集,并担任包括《科技考古月刊》(Journal of Archaeological Science), 《科技考古》(Archaeometry )和 《玻璃研究年刊》(Journal of Glass Studies)在内的一系列学科前沿杂志的编委。

Ian Freestone trained as a petrologist and geochemist before joining the British Museum Research Laboratory in 1979, where he undertook the scientific analysis of ancient artefacts.  He was awarded the Archaeological Institute of America’s Pomerance Medal for scientific contributions to archaeology in 2004.  He joined Cardiff University as Professor of Archaeological Science where he also served as Head of Archaeology and Conservation, then moved to University College London in 2011 as Professor of Archaeological Materials and Technologies and manages the Wolfson materials science laboratories. He chairs the British School at Athens Fitch Laboratory sub-Committee and is a past President of the Association for the History of Glass (2003-7) and Vice-President of l’Association Internationale pour l’Histoire du Verre (2003-6).   He was Treasurer of the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland, has served on the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) Earth Sciences Peer Review Committee (1995-1999) and the Arts and Humanities Research Council(AHRC) Peer Review College (2009-2011).  He specialises in the investigation of the technology and production of early ceramics and glass using chemical and mineralogical techniques.  He has co-authored over 150 papers and co-edited eight conference proceedings on these topics and is a member of the editorial boards of a number of leading journals including Journal of Archaeological Science, Archaeometry and Journal of Glass Studies. 

  欢迎所内外考古同仁及学生参加。请参加讲座的所外人员提前联系报名,或通过中国考古网公众微信、微博平台留言进行预约。下一期考古学研究系列学术讲座(八)将邀请西北大学文化遗产学院院长陈洪海教授和大家分享、交流,敬请关注。

  联系人:张旭、曹蕊  
  联系电话:65234003 

中国社会科学院考古研究所科研处
二〇一七年七月七日

责编:韩翰

作者:考古所科研处

文章出处:中国考古网